About Montenegro

General information about Montenegro
Area 13.812 km²
Population 625.266 according to the population census 2011.
Capital Podgorica - 186.000 inhabitants, area of municipality 1.500 km²
Old Royal Capital Cetinje - 16.757 inhabitants, area of municipality 910 km²
Currency Euro ( € )
Access to the sea Adriatic sea
Length of sea coast 293.5 km
Largest beach Velika plaža ( Ulcinj ) 13 km
Largest lake Lake Skadar - area 345 km² - 505 km² ( biggest in the Balkan Peninsula )
Highest peak Bobotov kuk ( Durmitor ) 2.523 m
Largest bay Bay of Kotor
Deepest kanyon Tara ( 1.300 m ) - one of the deepest in Europe
Airports Podgorica and Tivat
Phone country code 382
National internet domain .me
Time zone GMT +1

 

Geographical position:

Montenegro is located in Southeastern Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula with territorial access to the Adriatic Sea. It covers a territory of 13.812 km². It is bordered by Serbia to the north-east, the Croatian to the west, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the northwest, Albania to the southeast, while it's separated from Italy by the Adriatic Sea. Although it is classified in the group of the Adriatic and the Mediterranean countries, Montenegro is also a mountainous country in which areas above 1,000 meters above sea level covers about 60.5% of the country territory.

 

Montenegro's highest mountain peaks
Bobotov kuk ( Durmitor ) 2.523 m
Maja Rozit ( Prokletije ) 2.522 m
Kom Kučki (Komovi) 2.487 m
Kom Vasojevicki (Komovi) 2.460 m
Šljeme (Durmitor) 2.445 m
Hajla (Hajla) 2.403 m

 

Montenegro climate:

Montenegro has a Mediterranean climate, with hot dry summers and relatively mild winters. Beside latitude and altitude, the presence of the large water surfaces ( the Adriatic Sea, Lake Skadar ), deep-sea intrusion into the mainland ( Bay of Kotor ), as well as mountain chains like Durmitor, Bjelasica and Prokletije, significantly influence the climate of Montenegro. Large water surfaces, the height and the direction of the coastal mountains and the relief of the land locally and regionally, influence it's climate, creating a big difference on very small area between coastal climate and climate of high mountain region with numerous transitional climate forms between them.The average annual air temperature is 4.6 ° C ( the area of Zabljak at an altitude of 1450 m ), to 15.8 °C at the coast of Montenegro.

Podgorica, which is located at 44.5 m above sea level, has the average summer temperatures around 33 °C.

 

 
The average annual temperature in Montenegro  11.2°C
Highest temperature ever recorded Podgorica ( 44.8°C )
The lowest temperature ever recorded

Pljevlja ( - 29.2°C )

 

Population:

According to the census 2011. Montenegro has 625.266 inhabitants. Most inhabitants live in Podgorica - 187.085 and it's representing 30% of the total Montenegro population. After the Capital, most citizens live in Niksic and Bijelo Polje, and in these three municipalities are concentrated around 50% of the total population.

The municipalities with the lowest population are Šavnik 2.077, Plužine 3.286 and Zabljak 3.599. These cities also have the lowest population density of ten inhabitants per km².

 

National parks:

National parks are protected areas defined by pre-established criteria of the International Union for Conservation of Nature ( IUCN ) maintained by the government because of its natural beauty or because it has a special history

Montenegro has five national parks:

Name Founded Area ( ha )
National park Durmitor 1952. 39.000
National park Biogradska gora 1952. 5.650
National park Lovcen 1952. 6.220
National park Lake Skadar 1983. 40.000
National park Prokletije 2009. 16.630

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