|General information about Montenegro|
|Population||625.266 according to the population census 2011.|
|Capital||Podgorica - 186.000 inhabitants, area of municipality 1.500 km²|
|Old Royal Capital||Cetinje - 16.757 inhabitants, area of municipality 910 km²|
|Currency||Euro ( € )|
|Access to the sea||Adriatic sea|
|Length of sea coast||293.5 km|
|Largest beach||Velika plaža ( Ulcinj ) 13 km|
|Largest lake||Lake Skadar - area 345 km² - 505 km² ( biggest in the Balkan Peninsula )|
|Highest peak||Bobotov kuk ( Durmitor ) 2.523 m|
|Largest bay||Bay of Kotor|
|Deepest kanyon||Tara ( 1.300 m ) - one of the deepest in Europe|
|Airports||Podgorica and Tivat|
|Phone country code||382|
|National internet domain||.me|
|Time zone||GMT +1|
Montenegro is located in Southeastern Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula with territorial access to the Adriatic Sea. It covers a territory of 13.812 km². It is bordered by Serbia to the north-east, the Croatian to the west, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the northwest, Albania to the southeast, while it's separated from Italy by the Adriatic Sea. Although it is classified in the group of the Adriatic and the Mediterranean countries, Montenegro is also a mountainous country in which areas above 1,000 meters above sea level covers about 60.5% of the country territory.
|Montenegro's highest mountain peaks|
|Bobotov kuk ( Durmitor )||2.523 m|
|Maja Rozit ( Prokletije )||2.522 m|
|Kom Kučki (Komovi)||2.487 m|
|Kom Vasojevicki (Komovi)||2.460 m|
|Šljeme (Durmitor)||2.445 m|
|Hajla (Hajla)||2.403 m|
Montenegro has a Mediterranean climate, with hot dry summers and relatively mild winters. Beside latitude and altitude, the presence of the large water surfaces ( the Adriatic Sea, Lake Skadar ), deep-sea intrusion into the mainland ( Bay of Kotor ), as well as mountain chains like Durmitor, Bjelasica and Prokletije, significantly influence the climate of Montenegro. Large water surfaces, the height and the direction of the coastal mountains and the relief of the land locally and regionally, influence it's climate, creating a big difference on very small area between coastal climate and climate of high mountain region with numerous transitional climate forms between them.The average annual air temperature is 4.6 ° C ( the area of Zabljak at an altitude of 1450 m ), to 15.8 °C at the coast of Montenegro.
Podgorica, which is located at 44.5 m above sea level, has the average summer temperatures around 33 °C.
|The average annual temperature in Montenegro||11.2°C|
|Highest temperature ever recorded||Podgorica ( 44.8°C )|
|The lowest temperature ever recorded||
Pljevlja ( - 29.2°C )
According to the census 2011. Montenegro has 625.266 inhabitants. Most inhabitants live in Podgorica - 187.085 and it's representing 30% of the total Montenegro population. After the Capital, most citizens live in Niksic and Bijelo Polje, and in these three municipalities are concentrated around 50% of the total population.
The municipalities with the lowest population are Šavnik 2.077, Plužine 3.286 and Zabljak 3.599. These cities also have the lowest population density of ten inhabitants per km².
National parks are protected areas defined by pre-established criteria of the International Union for Conservation of Nature ( IUCN ) maintained by the government because of its natural beauty or because it has a special history
Montenegro has five national parks:
|Name||Founded||Area ( ha )|
|National park Durmitor||1952.||39.000|
|National park Biogradska gora||1952.||5.650|
|National park Lovcen||1952.||6.220|
|National park Lake Skadar||1983.||40.000|
|National park Prokletije||2009.||16.630|